Capricorn Coast Birds
   
 
  Beach Stone-curlew
Esacus giganteus
Average size 55cm
  Bush Stone-curlew
Burhinus grallarius
Average size 55cm
 
         
 
 
 
         
 
Distribution; coastal eastern Australia from Victoria up to northern Queensland and nearby islands, New Guinea, New Caledonia, Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines.
Habitat; undisturbed open beaches, exposed reefs, tidal sand or mudflats and among mangroves.
Diet; crabs and other marine invertebrates.
Males and females are alike and a single egg is laid just above the high tide line on the open beach, a second may be laid if the first is lost.
I have photographed Beach Stone-curlews on Farnborough Beach, Kinka Beach and Fisherman's Beach in Cooee Bay, but there aren't many of them and coming across one is unusual.
This species has largely disappeared from the south-eastern part of its former range and is now rarely recorded on ocean beaches in New South Wales. In Queensland they are listed as Vulnerable under the Nature Conservation Act 1992 (Qld).
 
Distribution; endemic to Australia and found throughout the continent except for very arid regions and heavily forested areas.
Habitat; woodlands and beach scrub.
Diet; frogs, spiders, insects, crustaceans, snakes, lizards and small mammals.
Males and females are alike, the nest is a shallow scrape in the ground where both adults share the incubation and care of the young.
These strictly nocturnal birds are still reasonably common here but are difficult to find because of their camouflage, often their presence is only indicated by their eerie wailing calls at night.