Capricorn Coast Birds
Doves and Pigeons
  Rose-crowned Fruit Dove
Ptilinopus regina
Average size 23cm
  Squatter Pigeon
Geophaps scripta
Average size 30cm
Distribution; northern and eastern Australia down to the mid-north coast of New South Wales, they also are found in Indonesia.
Habitat; coastal tropical and sub-tropical forest particularly with thick vine growth and many fruiting native trees.
Diet; fruit from vines, shrubs, large trees and palms, the fruit is swallowed whole.
The sexes are similar with the female having lighter colours, the nest is a frail loosely woven cup of twigs and tendrils in a dense growth of vines.
Distribution; endemic to Australia and are found from north Queensland to the North West Slopes of NSW, extending down to the Liverpool Plains and Dubbo.
Habitat; grassy woodlands and plains, preferring sandy areas and usually close to water.
Diet; the seeds of grasses, herbs and shrubs, as well as insects.
The sexes are similar, the nest is a shallow depression on the ground, among, or sheltered by, grass tussocks, shrubs or fallen logs.
These are now listed as a vulnerable species in Queensland and as endangered in NSW where they are very rare.
The photo was taken at Hedlow Fauna Reserve where I sometimes see them.
  Crested Pigeon
Ocyphaps lophotes
Average size 28cm
  Peaceful Dove
Geopelia placida
Average size 22cm

Distribution; endemic to Australia and are widespread throughout most of the mainland except for denser forests.
Habitat; grasslands and lightly wooded areas but they have adapted well to suburban areas.
Diet; native seeds as well as those of introduced crops and weeds, some leaves and insects are also eaten. A delicate
The sexes are similar, a nest of twigs is built in a tree or dense bush.
These are very common here and you see them in streets, parks, gardens, pastoral areas, sports grounds, and golf courses.


Distribution; throughout Australia except Tasmania, southern Victoria and south western Australia.
Habitat; scrub and woodlands but they have adapted well to suburban areas.
Diet; the small seeds of grasses and sedges, and sometimes small insects.
The sexes are similar, the nest is a small, flimsy platform of twigs, grasses and roots in trees or shrubs.
They are very common here and you see them in pairs or small flocks almost everywhere: in streets, gardens and school grounds etc.

  Bar-shouldered Dove
Geopelia humeralis
Average size 28cm
  Spotted Dove
Streptopelia chinensis
Average size 30cm
Distribution; north-western, northern and eastern Australia from near Onslow in Western Australia to Bega in New South Wales, as well as in southern New Guinea.
Habitat; damp gullies, forests and mangroves, swamps, eucalyptus woodlands, tropical and sub-tropical scrubs and river margins, they have benefitted from clearing for agriculture and are common in urban areas.
Diet; the seeds of grasses, herbs and sedges, as well as rhizomes.
The sexes are similar, the nest is usually hidden in dense shrubs or trees and in gardens, it is a thin platform made from twigs and roots and is placed in a fork or on a branch.
These are fairly common here, they can always be seen along Sandy Point Road and at Lammermoor Native Gardens
Distribution; this Asian dove was introduced into Australia in the mid-1800s and quickly became established, they are now common throughout eastern Australia and around the major towns and cities in southern and south-western Australia.
Diet; grass seeds, insects, grains and other vegetation.
The sexes are similar, the nest is a loose platform of sticks and may be placed in a variety of locations such as trees, edge of buildings or even on the ground.
These are quite common in our residential areas and you will see them in the streets and parks
  Brown Cuckoo-Dove
Macropygia amboinensis
Average size 42cm

Wompoo Fruit-Dove
Ptilinopus magnificus
Average size 42cm

These are found throughout north-eastern and eastern Queensland, including off-shore islands, and eastern coastal areas of New South Wales. Its range is expanding down the coast of New South Wales. They are also found from the Philippines south through Borneo to Sumatra and across to Guinea. The photo was taken on Fishing Creek Road, I had seen them elsewhere but this was the first one I have come across in our area.
Their habitat is thicker bush and scrub such as rainforest, beach scrub and wet sclerophyll forest, particularly at the forest edges, along creeks and rivers. Brown Cuckoo-Doves are also found in regrowth along roads, in clearings and in weedy areas like lantana.
They feed on fruit, berries and seeds from a variety of trees, shrubs and vines. They usually feed in the trees in the early morning and the late afternoon, only coming to the ground to drink and to eat grit.
Males and females look alike and nest in rainforest trees, shrubs and the tops of vines and ferns, with the nest being a scanty collection of twigs and sticks placed sideways on a branch.
Photographed on Fishing Creek Road.

These are found along the east coast of Australia from central eastern New South Wales to northern Cape York Peninsula and also occur in New Guinea, they are more common in the northern parts of their range.
They are almost exclusively a rainforest bird and are rarely seen in other habitats. The photo was taken in the picnic area at Waterpark Creek , other rainforest doves and pigeons such as the Rose-crowned Fruit-Dove can also be seen here.
Their diet consists entirely of fruit which is eaten whole and may be quite large in size, they can form large feeding flocks where food is plentiful. Generally they do not travel  large distances preferring to move around in small, localised areas in search of fruit-bearing trees.
The sexes look similar with the juveniles having duller and greener plumage than adults. Both sexes share the construction of the twig nest, which may be placed low down in a tree. A single egg is laid with both sexes sharing the incubation and care of the chick. Only one chick is raised in a season, but birds may breed a second time if the first attempt fails.
Photographed at Water Park Creek picnic ground.