Capricorn Coast Birds
   
 
 
Emu, Brolga, Bustard, Bush Turkey
 
 
 
 
 
         
  Brolga
Grus rubicunda
Average size 110cm
  Australian Bustard
Ardeotis australis
Average size 100cm
 
 
 
 
         
 
Distribution; across tropical northern Australia, southwards through north-east and east central areas, as well as central New South Wales to western Victoria, they are also found in southern New Guinea.
Habitat; open wetlands, grassy plains, coastal mudflats and irrigated croplands.
Diet; tubers, wetland plants, insects, invertebrates, and amphibians.
The sexes are similar, the nest is a raised mound of sticks, uprooted grass, and other plant material sited on a small island, standing in shallow water.
The energetic dance performed by the Brolga is a spectacular sight involving much dancing, leaping, wing-flapping and loud trumpeting, these displays may be given at any time of the year and by birds of any age. Dance of the Brolgas
The best place to see them is around the Capricorn Resort where they are more comfortable with people.

 
Distribution; inland and tropical north of mainland Australia and southern New Guinea, once very common the species has suffered a massive decline and now has all but disappeared from the south and east of its former range, they are listed as endangered in New South Wales.
Habitat; grassland, grassy woodland, and low shrub lands.
Diet; leaves, buds, seeds, fruit, frogs, lizards, and invertebrates.
They breed once a year when the males come together to display in specific areas in order to attract females, in their display the males strut around with their tails cocked, inflate a large throat sac and make a loud, deep, roaring noise. A single egg is laid on bare ground or in grass where the parent bird has a good view of approaching predators. The well camouflaged female incubates the egg and cares for the young.
There aren't many in our area but I sometimes see them in grazing areas such as Hedlow and Lake Mary.
 
 
  Emu
Dromaius novaehollandiae
Average size 190 cm
  Black-necked Stork
Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus
Average size 133cm
 
     
         
 

Distribution; endemic to Australia and found over most of the mainland Habitat; a wide range but prefer eucalypt forest and open woodland.
The sexes are similar though females are usually slightly larger. Females court the males and become aggressive during the courting period, often fighting one another for access to mates.
Males construct a rough nest of bark, grass, sticks, and leaves in a semi-sheltered hollow on the ground. The male becomes broody after his mate starts laying and begins to incubate the eggs before the laying period is complete. From this time on he neither eats nor drinks and stands only to turn the eggs, which he does about 10 times a day, over eight weeks of incubation he will lose a third of his weight.

 

Commonly known as a Jabiru this member of  the stork family is a resident species across South and Southeast Asia and Australia. The largest population occurs in Australia where it is found from near Onslow in Western Australia across northern Australia to north-east New South Wales.
They live  in a variety of natural and artificial wetland habitats such as lakes, ponds, marshes, flooded grasslands, oxbow lakes, swamps, rivers, sewage ponds, and dry floodplains.
Their diet includes small water-birds, fish, amphibians, reptiles and invertebrates such as crabs and molluscs. They are largely non-social and are usually seen as single birds, pairs and family groups.
The sexes are alike and nest in large and isolated trees on which they build a nesting  platform, this  can be up to 2 metres across and is made from sticks and branches lined with rushes and water-plants, nests may be reused year after year.