Capricorn Coast Birds
Brown Honeyeater, Dusky Honeyeater, Lewins Honeyeater, Bar-breasted Honeyeater
  Brown Honeyeater
Lichmera indistincta
Average size 12cm
  Dusky Honeyeater
Myzomela obscura
Average size 13cm
Distribution; from south-western Australia across the Top End to Queensland, and through New South Wales and are also found in the islands north of Australia.
Habitat; a wide range of wooded habitats, usually near water.
Diet; nectar and insects, foraging at all heights in trees and shrubs. The sexes are similar and the nest is a small neat cup made from fine bark, grasses and plant down, bound with spiders web, and slung by the rim in a shrub or tree
Their song is a clear, ringing, musical: 'whit, whit, whitchit' and has been described as the best of all the honeyeaters.
Brown Honeyeaters are very common in parks, gardens and streets in our residential areas particularly around mangroves and in beach scrub.
Distribution; coastal areas of the Northern Territory to about the Queensland border and from Cape York Peninsula down the east coast to the NSW border but are rare south of Rockhampton.
Habitat; forests and scrubs, woodlands, swamps and almost any area near water.
Diet; mainly nectar but like most of our honeyeaters they supplement this with pollen, berries and insects.
The sexes are similar, the nest is a small, neat cup made from fine bark, spiderwebs, and leaves on a well-hidden branch high over water.
Dusky Honeyeaters are fairly common in thicker scrub but are often seen in residential areas with thickly planted gardens and bushy surroundings. They are very active and avoid open spaces.
  Lewins Honeyeater
Meliphaga lewinii
Average size 21cm

  Bar-breasted Honeyeater
Ramsayornis fasciatus
Average size 14cm
Distribution; found only in Australia in the wetter parts along the east coast, from northern Queensland to central Victoria.
Habitat; rainforest, wet eucalypt forest and beach scrub.
They mainly feed on nectar but like most of our honeyeaters they supplement this with pollen, berries and insects.
The sexes are similar, the nest is a large cup of vegetation and other materials bound together with spider web and lined with soft material.
These are fairly common in thicker scrub and wetter places like Byfield but are often seen in residential areas with thickly planted gardens.
Distribution; found only in Australia with a range extending from Broome in Western Australia, across the Top End, Cape York and down the coast to Central Queensland.
Habitat; paperbark and eucalyptus woodlands near water, mangroves, along rivers and around swamps.
They mainly eat the nectar of native flowering plants but, like most honeyeaters, will also eat insects and their larvae, pollen and berries.
The sexes are similar, the nest is of woven paperbark strips, dome shaped and usually suspended over water.
Bar-breasted Honeyeaters aren't common here and seeing one is unusual, the photo was taken near the footbridge at Lammermoor Native Gardens.
  White-throated Honeyeater
Melithriptus albogularis
Average size 15cm

Scarlet Honeyeater
Myzomela sanguinolenta
Average size 10cm

  These are found in eastern and south-eastern mainland Australia from northern Queensland to eastern South Australia, they are also present in New Guinea. Their habitat is a broad range of open forests and woodlands and in residential areas close to forests.
The photo was taken at Lammermoor Native Gardens but they are common in suitable habitats throughout our region. They tend to forage in the tallest trees, and occasionally under bark, and are rarely seen on ground.
White-throated Honeyeater feed on nectar and insects and their products honeydew and lerp, and manna. Honeydew is a sugar-rich sticky liquid, secreted by aphids and some scale insects as they feed on plant sap, a lerp is a structure of crystallized honeydew produced by larvae of some insects as a protective cover, manna is crystalised plant sap.
Males and females look the same and  breed communally, with both the parents and helpers feeding and looking after the young, although only the female incubates the eggs. The female builds a small open cup nest out of grass, bark and spider web, high up in a tree or sapling.
  These are found along the east coast of Australia from Cooktown in Queensland to Gippsland in Victoria, but they are a summer migrant of Sydney and are less common. They are not common along the coast but a little distance inland they can be quite plentiful, the photo was taken on a friends property near Thompsons' Point.
Scarlet Honeyeaters live in open forests and woodlands with a sparse understorey and sometimes in rainforests. It can be seen in urban areas in flowering plants of streets, parks and gardens.
They feed mainly on nectar and sometimes on fruit and insects and tend to feed in the upper levels of the canopy, foraging in flowers and foliage, usually singly, in pairs or small flocks.
The photo is of a male, females and immature birds are dull brown with dull white underparts. The small cup nest is suspended from a horizontal branch or in a fork, and is made from fine bark and grass bound with spider web and lined with fine plant materials. Up to three broods may be produced per season.


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